Peterborough England History
The Peterborough Phantoms are the city's hockey team and play in the English Hockey League (EHL), the second division of the English Hockey League. They will compete in a league of their own at the City of Peterborough Hockey Club in Westwood. They also compete in the Premier League North East and the Premier League.
The Anglican Diocese of Peterborough covers the entire Northamptonshire, Rutland and Soke, some parts of Essex and Suffolk, and the North East of England, including the entire county of East Anglia and parts of Norfolk and the West Midlands, as well as the rest of the South East.
At the heart of the city's unity authority is a historic region called Soke Peterborough, which includes an area stretching west of the rivers Welland and Nene. The area, which is known as "soke" in Peterborough, is associated with Northamptonshire, although it has its own county council, the county council, and nominally still lies within the county. In 1888, however, it had its own county council. And in 1965 it merged with the neighbouring, smaller county of Huntingdonsshire. This made it part of what was nominally still the "Soke of Peterboro," but it had no role in, and no direct connection to, the historic counties of North Amptoneshire.
In 1889 Soke Peterborough was part of Northamptonshire through a link, and this link continued, but was merged with Huntingdonsshire in 1965 to form the modern county of Huntingdon and Peterborough, which was abolished in 1974 and incorporated into Cambridgeshire. In medieval times, however, the city of Peterboro and the surrounding countryside were not really a "part" of North Amptoneshire, as they were managed separately from it. This changed in the 13th century and became the Burgh of the "Burgh" or "St. Peter's," which then became Peterburgh at the end of the Middle Ages. In 1974, her constituency stretched across the Northants, but still had its own police force and appointed its own judges.
When Peterborough merged with Fletton United in 1932, the nickname "Posh" was revived and used for the new Peterborough United from 1934 to 1937 and again in 1939. Norwich and Peterboro treated themselves to a new home in 1946 when they opened their new headquarters in a leafy industrial park in Peterborough, near the city.
The architecture was mainly Norman in the Anglo-Saxon period after the reconstruction of the 12th century. The contrasting shape of Guildenburgh can be found on the walls of the original building and on its foundations (see Peterborough Chronicle, below). The Norman wall of Peterboro Castle, one of England's most important Anglo-Saxon monuments, contains the writings of a monk who wrote about England and the Norman conquest in the 13th and 14th centuries, and contains a number of manuscripts of his writings from the 11th to the 16th centuries.
The first abbey was founded in Peterborough in the 11th century, originally called Medeshamstede. Anglo-Saxon writings from the Peterboro Abbey period and their jurisdiction covered the entire north-east of England, as well as parts of Wales, Scotland, Ireland and North America.
There is a complex administrative history, but the result is that Peterborough was largely self-governing in the Middle Ages. Although it remains part of the ceremonial county of Cambridgeshire, it was never a unified authority until the 18th century.
The war first reached Peterborough in 1688, when soldiers arrived in the city to attack the royal strongholds of Stamford and Crowland. There was a battle for Peterboro, with the attack coming from Newark, the capital of the royalists in the Middle East.
Peterborough, which lies between London and Doncaster, is becoming a regional hub and Lord Exeter opposed the rail link through Stamford. There is a long footpath, the Hereward Way, which leads from Oakham in Rutland via East Harling in Norfolk to Peterborough and from there to Stanssted in Essex. Peterboro, which is close to the Essex and Essex County Council borders, has become a regional hub. Lord Exeter is against the railways that run past Stamford as part of his opposition to the construction of a rail link from London to Stamford in 1688.
The Peterborough area is steeped in history, with the first church, St Peter's Farm, and the construction of 900-year-old Peterboro Cathedral. The Cambridgeshire Archives of Local Studies keeps original historical documents on Soke of Peterborough in the County Record Office in Peterburgh. Map of Northamptonshire, 1900, created by the UK Ordnance Survey and provided online by Vision of Britain in Time, shows in the upper right corner "Soke of Peteborough" (not labeled as such). The leading data website TheGenealogist provides information about the history of Sokol and other historical sites in and around the city.
Peterborough has the hallmarks of Winchester, York, Canterbury and Salisbury, as it is home to one of the largest and most important churches in England, St Peter and St Paul's Cathedral. Its cathedral is equally important and is known for its three huge arches, of which there is no architectural precedent. Peterborough Cathedral is the oldest cathedral in Northamptonshire and the second oldest in Britain after Westminster Abbey.